How to prepare for IAS without any coaching

How to prepare for IAS without any coaching , upsc

Delhi without which you cannot clear that is what most people advise you , this is also called advice that people give you whenever you start thinking that you want to write civil service exams and this webinar let us dispel this myth without quitting your job without attending any coaching class preparing from home you can do all this people have done this and so can you so lets dispel this myth once and for all but to begin with let us look at the pattern of the examination its a three stage process


Prelims mains and the personality test let me talk about first very briefly about personality test because this is where i need to spend less than two minutes and we can close this chapter in personality test your knowledge will not be tested why because your knowledge has already been tested in prelims and mains so what is tested your attitude your aptitude your presence of mind your suitability for a career in civil services and bear this in your mind my dear friends this is something that cannot be taught in any coaching Institute it comes with knowledge and this knowledge widens your horizon so these things personality presence of mind no coaching Institute can teach you so here you are on your own so personality test your knowledge is not tested because it has already been test edits the test of your personality your intrinsic traits which define your personality but


what about Prelims lets talk about problems because we have two stages or we can divide prelims in two parts general studies and CSAT but basically prelims in test those people who are unworthy of becoming is officers they are rejected at the stage eliminated at this stage non-serious aspirants who give this exam because their father or their mothers dream is this or the grandfather has told them please apply for this exam so all these students who are non serious all these aspirants are eliminated at this stage but if you look at GS and CSAT lets talk about how you can prepare for GS and CSAT while sitting at home without joining any traditional coaching class now see that the bulk of focus in csat is on reading comprehension there are 80 questions in csat two and a half marks each that makes it two hundred but reading comprehension comprises of thirty-five to forty-five percent of the questions so if youre good in English if youre good in reading comprehension you can easily clear csat because csat is a qualifying exam all you need to score is 67 marks if you score 67 marks your GS paper will be evaluated that means whether or not you enter into mains examination that will be determined by GS paper and not your csat paper but in csat thirty-five to forty-five percent questions are asked from reading comprehension so basically a passage will be given and at the end of this passage some questions will be asked based on the knowledge that is provided in this passage but 


how to master passages how to master passages without joining a coaching Institute please read the newspaper newspaper in any case you will be reading for your GS exams but newspaper articles you have to read newspaper opinion pieces you will have to read but while reading an article try and understand and read in between the lines while reading an article try to understand what is the objective of an article what is the general idea that is conveyed by the author because both of these questions that are asked in your csat or something like this which of the following the author is most likely to agree or disagree with it so how do you know whether the author agrees with the statement or disagrees with the statement that means you will have to understand this passage how can you understand the passage practice practice is the key to csat success but how can you practice it read the newspaper read it to regularly never miss it while reading an article please try to understand what is the object to article what is the general idea conveyed by the author and then youre able to master this you will be able to solve all the questions in reading comprehension I m stressing on the word when and not if because i know you will be able to do this when youre able to master it youll be able to answer all the questions that are asked about from csat In csat the focus is also on tenth standard maths if youre scared of maths please skip it there is no need to even attempt any questions in csat but this 10 standard Math basically talks about pretty broad things such as time distance and speed mixtures and allegations but its very very basic questions that are asked apart from this you have a logical reasoning you have data interpretation mental ability and you also have sometimes decision-making questions but since csat is qualifying in nature all you need to score is 67 out of 200 then your GS paper will be evaluated and based on that you will enter into mains but in all these areas practice is the key practice the question papers of the past many years 2013 2014 2015 and


you will understand what Im talking about these are very basic and very simple reason questions which anyone can answer a standard traditional coaching is not required here and if youre able to score in excess of hundred marks in csat in all these three papers if youre able to score in excess of hundred there is no need to further invest your time on csat and please focus now on general studies and now lets talk about the general studies again general studies which determines your future which determines whether or not you will enter into the mains examination a 200 marks paper hundred questions are asked and each question is of two marks but if i can divide this Ill divide GS into four indispensable without which there is no chance of qualifying gs



1 history polity economy geography these are four indispensables apart from that you have environment science and technology in the India year book economic survey and all in compassing in all these things is what we see that interferes but we will discuss that a bit later so these are for indispensable history politics economy geography followed by environment science and technology in the yearbook and economic survey but what to read head for history and particularly for modern history read modern history by Mr. Rajiv Ahir but then these sets of books anybody can tell you so what is the difference here why Im telling you that read rajiv ahir and not any other book so you can tell me a scores of books which people tell you that you should read but ill tell you read one book ten times rather than reading 10 books only once but here again the focus has to be on how to read when I see how to read follow a pattern called five Ws and one one H which means what has happened when it happened where it happened why it happened who were the people involved and how and when you apply this formula you can not be able to miss any question that will be asked to me



examination but there is also a linkage that you will have to do for example when was emergency imposed in this country 1975 last year we had the prelims examination 2015 so how many years 40 years these anniversary dates become very important first year 10th year 25th year 50th year hundreds here so upsc had to ask about emergency because it was the 40th year of Indian emergency but they asked in a different fashion who fought against emergency mr. jay prakash narayan JP as he was called in that movement was called JP movement JP fought against emergency but how do we know JP in history in 1935 he found that Congress Socialist Party and this question was asked in the examination consider the following statements regarding in Congress Socialist Party and which of the above statements are correct that means what is the link here the question is asked on Congress socialist party but why unless until you understand why upsc a certain questions you will not be able to prepare in a better manner so the question was asked in Congress socialist party it was because it was the 40th year of Indian emergency and who fought against emergency Jayaprakash Narayan and the question on Congress Socialist Party was asked similarly you have to use this for real the 5 Ws one H while youre reading any topic lets say for example youre reading quit india movement when was quit india movement launched August 1952 August 1942 it was launched ok who launched it the fact of the matter here is it was a leaderless movement because on the morning of 9th of august 1942 all the important nationalist leaders were arrested and all of them were arrested there was no one to lead the moment so who was the leader of this moment no one it was a leaderless movement so if tomorrow youre asked who led quit India movement Gandhi Nehru Tagore Patel the answer is no one led them movement it was the peoples movement in absence of important nationalist leaders who were already in jail but the important quote for question now you should be asking is why was this movement launched this was launched because second world war broke out three schools of thought were there in Congress party one set of Congress leaders were saying now this is the right time to hit the british empire lets start a Peoples Revolution and overthrow the British Empire once and for all these leaders were seeing that we should take advantage of the Second World War we should take advantage of the weakness of the British Empire and we should overthrow it second set was of mahatma gandhi mahatma Gandhi said Im very sympathetic to the British cause why because British is fighting against the fascists and the Nazis but there was another thought of pundit Nehru pundit nehru said we shall neither support we oppose Britain we will be not interfering in this area and subsequently this position was taken up by the Congress party and they decided neither to support Britain nor to oppose Britain but then Mahatma Gandhi thought that if Japanese will invade India and an absence of a popular revolt in India people my people the people of my country will not be able to revolt so that is the reason why then this quit india movement was launched so you know what to read history is very important in history the focus also has to be on art and culture and in modern history and in modern history please read one book by spectrum publication the book is by mr. Rajiv ahir its very important that you read one book than reading 10 books only once because revision here is the key to success now you know history is important which book to read for history rajiv ahir and how to read fight abusing one edge use this formula and you will not be able to


lets come to polity theres one bible if I may refer to it like that M.Laxmikant again last last year in the last year of the UPA government many scams were occurring in their scam such as 2g Commonwealth Games scam coal scam so all these scams are taking place so since these scams were making headlines upsc had to ask a question on them but they asked in a different fashion they asked a question on public accounts committee public accounts comittee is one of the committees of indian parliament this comes under the polity section of your syllabus but why was public accounts committee asked because this public accounts committee was looking into all these scams so that means whatever it is important in the news link it to your syllabus and you will anticipate the question that means not just answering the question memorizing the facts you should also be able to anticipate the questions that are asked in the examinations so if today you will ask me what are the important topics for the coming problems examination can be article 356 why it is Presidents rule is imposed in order not to produce before then anin Uttarakhand the matter is spending with before the Supreme Court so why Presidents rule is applied in states what is the rationale behind that that should be your focus area also moneyBill we saw if at all youre interested in reading the newspapers you might have noticed that our bill was tabled as a money Bill and looks about by the money Bill how is it different from an ordinary bill how is it different from a financial bill all these things you should be able to understand because these will be youre coming prelims also defections our party hoppings a member of a political party once hes elected to looks about Rajya Sabha he changes his side joins the opposition and he shall be disqualified because this is what has happened in Arunachal this is what has happened in Uttarakhand and if this has happened this comes under your polity syllabus this becomes potential question that will be asked in the civil service examination so polity very important close to 12 to 14 questions are asked every year from indian polity for this please read and lakshmikant but how to read it again the same formula 5 ws one H and if you will understand this formula and apply it you you can answer any question for example in 2013 a question of attorney general three four statements were given and almost every aspirant that i know i was able to locate and decide that just three statements are correct but im not sure about the last statement and ultimately they skipped the question because they were not knowing whether the Attorney General is also part of a committee of indian parliament or not because this is not written in a book so they were confused because of this one statement they were not knowing and ultimately what they did to skip the question and missed their chances if they would have applied five Ws in 1h formula in this they would not have skipped this now lets talk about another important area called


Indian economy and in Indian economy I mean the most widely important respected book is indian economy by Ramesh Singh but how to do this last yeara question was asked on PMJDY why why was a question on PMJDY asked because this was a popular scheme launched by Prime Minister Modi not just a popular scheme this was the scheme which entered into the guinness book of world records and when it entered into guinness book of world records upsc had to ask about this but UPSC asked what is the objective of the scheme so everybody knew what was the day it was launched what are the papers that you need to submit to bank to open a bank account under PMJDY but what is the objective of the scheme please tell me many people faltered on this because they do not use this formula why was the scheme launched the scheme was launched because the objective was financial inclusion so basically the idea is to tell you which books to refer but at the same time how you should effort to these books you should be able to read in between the lines keep your eyes and mind open because theres an ancient treaditional Sanskrit rig vedic hymn which talks about Aano bhadra krtavo yantu vishwatah let the noble thoughts come from all sides and embrace those noble thoughts what about geography very important to understand please go through NCERTs from class 6th to 12th there is also a book called


certificate geography by GC Leong last time we discussed that a question on these scams were asked but the question was public accounts committee what about geography since coal scam was a news upsc asked in which form coal is produced in this country how do you have to look into all these resources that are available in this country and to understand in which form they are present in this country know whatever is important in the news whatever is making headlines and dominating the news debates please focus on that and trying and dissipate the kind of questions that can be asked and that is your key to success but after reading all these sources include training environment science and technology in the yearbook economic survey here a newspaper and in this case Hindu or indian express you can choose either of the two Hindu or indian express any national Indian news paper if you call me if you tell me if you ask methis is the Bible for your success you skip newspaper there is absolutely no chance never ever miss a newspaper but read in between the lines once you read in between the lines you will be able to answer all the questions that are asked in the examination because lets not forget in please bear this in mind whatever upsc asked in examination what ever and anything that they ask is entirely is related to the important and developments that are taking place in this country beyond that upsc does not touch any aspect but after reading these sources you will end up covering and answering close to lets say on average 60 correct questions so clearly 60 correct questions youre answering because if youre falling all these sources and you are true to your potential true to your goal and dream correct questions but the cutoff is in the range of now that the csat is qualifying 120 to 130 so clearly 60 correct questions is not a safe bet considering the fact that there is a negative marking for each wrong answer .six seven marks will be deducted so what is the solution here the solution here is this there are 100 questions in GS but there will be 10 to 12 questions which no one can answer which no one can answer but when you look at previous years question papers and find out about such questions you prepare as if these questions are standard please please and please dont even prepare for such types of questions questions such as which of the following species have been declared as endangered species you cannot memorize all these species even if you attempt at memorizing the sespecies you will lose this is not going to be your agenda similarly there are very difficult questions from art and culture which you might have never even heard of so please dont even attempt memorizing or answering these questions because they are very difficult questions that


 UPSC he asked dont even attempt them so the smart intelligent strategy shall be number one to skip these questions but focus on the other 80 80 to 90 questions sure the strategy religiously youll be able to answer 60 questions that Ive told you but thats not enough now you have to make intelligent guesses for example a statement is given for statements are given and at the end options are also provided a b c d the options are only one only and to only one and three only one two and four these are the four statements that are given to you these four statements are followed by four options but if you civil service examinations you will be able to atleast understand and know that one of these statements is incorrect so let us see statement to is incorrect which you know because you have read about this but what about statement 1 3& 4 you dont know about that so normally what aspirants do they skipped this question and move on to something else ultimately they loose 2 marks once you have figured out that statement to is incorrect the question is asking which of the above statements are correct you have eliminated second statement and based on that you have eliminated option B as well as option D because two is present an option D as well as option B now the choice is between a and C that means that is fifty fifty percent chance of your answer being either correct or incorrect but lets not forget statistics is an established science if youre able to answer this question assuming that you have answered 28 questions like that that is fifty fifty percent chance of it being correct or wrong assume that 14 questions are correct and 14 questions are incorrect you previously attempted 60 questions 60 questions will give you 120 marks 120 marks is not a guarantee to success because the cutoff is in the range of about 130 now because many people are now studying and studying very religiously 14 questions you are attempting 14 into 2 becomes 28 but there is also negative marking so 14 into 0.67 becomes something like 9.38 that means 28 - 9.3 it will give you 18.62 marks + 120 it gives you 138 and 138 is the safest score that you can score to qualify for the mains examination so the idea is yes you have to focus more on GS rather than CSAT because CSAT is qualifying in nature but in gs what should be your focus area the focus area should be on for indispensables what are these four indispensable polity history with particular focus on art and culture economy and geography followed by environment science and technology india yearbook and the other important current affairs issues but even after reading all these sources memorizing everything at your disposal it will not be able to answer more than 60 questions but 60 questions is not a safe thing then you will have to make intelligent guesses not wild guesses intelligent guesses and once you make intelligent guesses statistics tell us if you follow a pattern youll be able to score more than fifty percent of what


 you have attempted and you can easily cross the hurdle of 130 marks that and smart work but rather than hard work is what is the focus area so this is what you have to do for problems what about mains exclusive details on how to prepare for GS one two three and four we have released youtube videos on their strategies so please go through them ones and you will understand how to proceed in all these four subjects but means is all about convincing the examiner that with your answers because you know what to study you know what not to study you know how to study but it all boils down to how your able to convince the examiner that you know the best about this question lets not forget close to 20 questions will have to answer in two and a half hours that means roughly seven to eight minutes per question that means there is no time to think but once there is no time to think you should be able to anticipate what sort anticipate what sort of questions are asked if I can teach you 2015 the website is scroll . in the of this newspaper article of this website article is if whistle blowers bill is passed in the parliament there will be no one left to be protected in India may 25 this was the headline on scroll . in and come December 2015 when you had the mains examination exact replica of this headline was asked by upsc they did not even change the lines they did not even change the language that means whatever is important in the news whatever is debated in print and television media whatever dominates the headlines link it please - your syllabus and you will be able to anticipate the questions that will be asked there is no need to mug up everything that is mentioned in the syllabus that is practically not possible if youre doing it at home similarly last year a question was asked on cuban missile crisis why unless and until you are not able to understand why it becomes very difficult to start your preparation so why this question was asked because United States and Cuba United States and Cuba were coming closer to each other they were restarting the diplomatic relations this made headlights headlines throughout the world once this made headlines this became dominant in newspaper discourses and this question was asked in world history segment that we got it that is the key to success that means whatever is important in the news link it to your syllabus to answer every question that is asked so what have we learned today in this webinar we have learned that joining a coaching class the traditional coaching class is not required to clear this exam if youre dedicated towards this exam your dedication alone can take you towards your goal but the question that is frequently asked to us should I prepare simultaneously for prelims and mains or should I


prepare first prelims and then after qualifying prelims for mains mains is an ocean prelims is the surface of the ocean the depth of the ocean the surfaces already covered that means what is important here whatever you think is important whatever is dominated in the headlines of the newspapers and media that becomes important but prepare for mains prepare in depth once you prepared in depth for maims your prelims is automatically covered so you dont have to separate the strategies for prelims and mains prepare for mains and your prelims is already covered there is also a very important element essay and an optional subject well have to write essays on two topics that are provided to you in the exam and this essay again the dominant themes are Gandhian philosophies Mahatma Gandhi is the favourate of UPSC and his quotes are frequently quoted in the essay topics and you have to write on essays on the important quotes of Mahatma Gandhi there is enough in this world for every man need but not for every mans greed this is what Gandhi said and this essay topic was asked by the UPSC but then again in essay you have to structure it so there has to be a well-defined introduction a body and a conclusion conclusion you can put in your own words your own ideology your own convictions but in body you will have to take recourse to newspaper articles because you have to quote whatever is important in the news that is taking place link it to the essay topic and your essay will be built structure and an optional subject how you can choose an optional subject will have a separate discussion on that here the entire idea behind this webinar bores to inculcate confidence in you that without joining a traditional coaching class you can clear this exam this is doable Im not mitigating the coaching classes no they have their own plus points they minimize effort but that does not mean coaching is a must please please please remember . number one there is competition yes but your competition is with your own self remember only you have the power to defeat yourself no one else second if this is your dream go for it civil service is the only career option where you can touch the lives of millions of people in one go which other profession you tell me has the power to touch the lives of billions of people in one go yes politics has but thats a tough exam to crack than IAS we live in India and Indians glorifies successes but how can you define success what is the idea of success in Indian sense the idea is power the idea is prestige in IAS you get both and that too in equal measure so please understand traditional coaching classes where you devote bulk of your time commuting from your home or office to a coaching class is a complete no no this is not required stay at your home dont quit your job without quitting your job and studying at home you can still make it your conviction your determination your ideology will determine your success dont even get fed by these ideas that coaching is a must and going to Delhi is a prerequisite to qualify this exam this is a method that must be dispelled and this myth must be burned and shown its place you can do so you can do so without quitting your job while sitting at home but please understand there is a guidance required hair and that guidance is also a very important element for your second for further details if you are willing we can have a one-to-one counselling session after this webinar i will give you a form please fill that form and if you feel that form then you and me well communicate over the phone and we discuss what exactly is required how to proceed further because in 40-50 minutes we cannot talk about the entire picture so lets schedule a counseling one-to-one counselling with you fill that form and we can collaborate how to give wings to your dream so in this webinar


I hope Im able to us watch your concerns because concerned basically was can I clear this exam without quitting my job without joining up at home can I do that yes you can do this and lets not forget Barack Obama also said yes we can and so can you thank you for joining and if you have any queries Id be here for another 15 minutes please write those queries and ill try and answer all those queries 1 by 1 thank you once again for joining thank you